In English, no and not have similar meanings, but they are used in different ways. It is very easy to be confused about these words.
In this post, I will explain the difference.
No is used as an exclamation:
- “Can I help you?” “No. Everything is okay.”
- “Do you like this soup?” “No.”
No is used as an adjective before singular and plural nouns. It means ‘not a’ or ‘not any’:
- There were no girls at the party.
- I have no time to help you. I’m too busy.
- John is not at home today.
- The exercise wasn’t (= was not) difficult.
- John plays the piano, but not very well.
- “How are you?” “Not too bad.”
- “How was the film?” “No good at all.”
- “How was the film?” “Not good at all.”
- “Was the party good?” “I’m afraid not.”
- “Is it going to rain tomorrow?” “I hope not.”
- “Are you going out tonight?” “I think not.”
Not is used as an adverb to make a sentence negative. It is often used with the verb ‘be’:
Not is often used to make an adjective or adverb negative:
However, the adjective good can be combined with both not and no:
Not is often used in short replies with a number of verbs: